Sunday, February 15, 2015

CORRINE, UTAH, GENTILE CAPITAL OF UTAH

For almost ten years from 25 March 1869, the town of Corinne reigned as "The Gentile Capital of Utah." As the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads approached their historic meeting place at Promontory Summit early in 1869, a group of former Union army officers and some determined non-Mormon merchants from Salt Lake City decided to located a Gentile town on the Union Pacific line, believing that the town could compete economically and politically with the Saints of Utah. They chose a location about six miles west of Brigham City on the west bank of the Bear River where the railroad crossed that stream. Named by one of the founders (General J.A. Williamson) for his fourteen-year-old daughter, Corinne was designed to be the freight-transfer point for the shipment of goods and supplies to the mining towns of western Montana along the Montana Trail.

In its heyday, Corinne had about 1,000 permanent residents, not one of whom was a Mormon, according to the boast of the local newspaper. As an end-of-the-trail town, Corinne reflected a very different atmosphere and culture from the staid and quiet Mormon settlements of Utah, nurturing not only a number of commission and supply houses but also fifteen saloons and sixteen liquor stores, with a gun-fighting town marshal to keep order in this "Dodge City" of Utah. The permanent residents of Corinne did their best to promote a sense of community pride and peaceful, cultural pursuits but had a raucous and independent clientele of freighters and stagecoachers to control.

With some support from political leaders in the nation's capital and from eastern newspapers, the town fathers attempted to use their position as a Gentile city to break the political and economic monopoly held by the Mormons in Utah Territory. They sought to have J. A. Williamson named territorial governor, tried to have the northern one degree of latitude of Utah added to Idaho so as to dismember the territory, and attempted to have Corinne named as the capital of Utah. The citizens of Corinne failed in each case to achieve their wishes, although their leaders and newspapers bombarded Washington, D.C. for help in their fight with Brigham Young and the Mormon hierarchy. The Saints had no difficulty in this unequal fight, even awarding the ballot to Utah women to ensure maintenance of political control of the territory.

First meeting in Corinne in 1872, Corinne Lodge No.5 was chartered as the first Utah Masonic Lodge north of Salt Lake City on November 11, 1873, by the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Utah. Edmond P. Johnson, the first Master of the Lodge and a past jurisdictional judge in Box Elder County, along with many other prominent Masons of the day, are buried in the Corinne City Cemetery.[4]





Brigham Young assured the demise of Corinne when he and the Mormon people built the narrow-gauge Utah Northern Railroad from Ogden to Franklin, Idaho. Although construction of the line beyond that point ceased for four years as a result of the Panic of 1873, in the autumn of 1877 the Union Pacific bought the spur line and began pushing it northward through Idaho. The tracks reached Marsh Valley and cut the Montana Trail at that place, thereby supplanting wagon traffic from Corinne with rail transport from Ogden. The Gentile merchants soon abandoned Corinne in favor of Ogden or the terminus of the rail line, while Mormon farmers moved in to buy the land around Corinne and make it into another Mormon settlement.

In 1877 an LDS ward was organized, but was dissolved when the town suffered a decline in population. As farmers again settled the region, a Corinne Ward was again organized; during the interim it was part of the Bear River Ward. A meetinghouse was built in 1914, and the Corinne Ward was reorganized that year with Alma Jenson as Bishop.

Thursday, February 12, 2015

The History of the Transcontinental Railroad


Written By Becky Harris on Tuesday, August 28 2012

Moving West: The History of the Transcontinental Railroad

After the American Revolution, a new, independent country was formed. With the colonists gaining independence from Britain, the population started to look at the country and to expand beyond the original thirteen colonies. Through a series of moves and purchases, within several decades the amount of land in the United States stretched from the Atlantic to Pacific Oceans.
With the additional land brought additional opportunities for people. With the California Gold Rush and the chance to get a new life along with land to call their own, many people packed up and traveled west to settle. However, in the early 1800's travel from east to west was very hazardous. The only choices settlers had were either by wagon train with groups, via stagecoach or by way of riding west by horseback. None of these methods were very efficient.
In the 1800's trains began to emerge as an option for travel for people. Train routes started to show up in the east as well as west, however, the two parts of the country were still separate. But, with the signing of the Pacific Railway Act of 1862, it was ordered to have two major railway companies, the Central Pacific Railway and the Union Pacific Railway, work on a railroad that would connect the country. The two companies started the project in 1863 and were completed in 1869 with the final stake placed in the ground in Utah.
The project was difficult with many obstacles faced along the way. However, with the completion of the First Transcontinental Railway, it connected east and west so that travel would be easier and safer. This opened the door to further expansion of the rail system to include all parts of the country, making travel and commerce more efficient. To learn more about the First Transcontinental Railway, please feel free to review the following information:
Eastern Railway History
  • America's First Trains - Historical article giving readers a look at some of the first trains that were in the United States.
  • Railroads and Maps - Informative web site providing a look at early railroads and early maps of the tracks used.
  • History of Early Railroads - Helpful descriptive article giving a review of the early United States transportation from the early 1800's.
Western Railway History
  • Railroads and the West - Useful article explaining how the railways in the west led to a rise in immigration.
  • Early American Railroads - Information on early railways in the United States and how it led to growth of the west.
  • Railway Museum - Educational site with images and information on railways in the western United States.
Pacific Railway Act of 1862
Railroad Companies
  • Central Pacific Railroad History - Historical website which provides a look at the history of one of the companies involved in building the First Transcontinental Railway.
  • Central Pacific Railroad - Information on the rail company that worked on the western portion of the Transcontinental Railroad.
  • Union Pacific History and Photos - Informative website dedicated to the history through words and pictures of the other company that built the First Transcontinental Railway.
  • Historical Society - Organization that was formed to document and recognize the achievements of the company that worked on the eastern portion of the Transcontinental Railroad.
Dangers of the Railroad
  • Transcontinental Timeline - Basic information on major events in the construction of the railway.
  • Transcontinental Railway Overview - Information and overview on the construction of the railroad.
  • Hell on Wheels - Web site for AMC-TV program based loosely on events surrounding the construction of the railway.
  • Railroad Information - Useful site with information on the work that went into constructing the First Transcontinental Railway.
  • Constructing the Railroad - Helpful site giving an overview of construction along the path of the railroad.
  • Railroad Problems - Informative site providing information on the railroad and some of the problems associated with building them.
Connecting the Rails
  • Eastward to Promontory - Helpful site with information on the building of the railway.
  • Uniting the Nation - Historical look at the completion of the railroad and what it means.
  • Railway Completed - Information and images from an exhibit on the railway.
  • Promontory Point - Informative article on the conclusion of the railway at Promontory Point, Utah.
  • Golden Spike National Site - Official site of the National Park which is the location of where the final golden spike was used to connect the rails.
Historic Significance
  • Impact of the Railroad - Informative page with information on the effect that the railroad had on the United States.
  • Historical Significance - Article providing a brief historical overview of the completion of the railroad.
  • Railroad Facts - Basic information about the facts surrounding the Transcontinental Railway.
  • Mining and Railroads - Helpful page showing how the First Transcontinental Railroad was important to the mining industry, and others.

Wednesday, February 11, 2015

PLEASE WELCOME LACEY ROBERTS


  
Blurb:
Take one hot, sexy cop, add a beautiful Forensic Pathologist, and you have one heck of a steamy love affair.  

BUT, who is threatening their lives? 
Whose life is really at risk?
AND why has a young man been murdered and what the hell do snakes have to do with it all?

Excerpt:
Flynn pushed through the glass doors into the Forensics Centre. A young woman at the front desk glanced up. He grinned as she licked her lips and gave him the once over. He was used to this from women but still hadn't figured out why they responded this way. Without vanity he knew his looks were better than average, but nothing special. Women obviously thought different.
"Can I help you?" she purred.
"I'm looking for where Doc Reid is performing an autopsy." He flashed his credentials.
"Room two, sir."
He nodded, thanked her and strode down the corridor. He stopped at a door where a plaque proclaimed it led to 'Examination Room 2'.
Flynn entered the airlock space and donned a pair of white coveralls, mask and white paper cap. He then stepped into the examination room. It smelled of antiseptic, unidentifiable chemicals and death. Not his favourite place to be.
Lily was bent over the corpse. She appeared deep in thought and he cleared his throat to make his presence known. She straightened and glanced up. "Detective, come in."
He moved closer. "Anything yet?"
"I'm really baffled and wondering whether your crack about vampires is very far from the mark."
Flynn raised his eyebrows.
"The two puncture marks in the neck had some sort of fluid in them that prevented the blood from clotting. Poison of some sort but my initial tests don't recognize it. I've sent it to the lab for urgent analysis."
"That would explain the huge amount of blood loss."
"Yes it would, especially as no major veins or arteries were severed in the area. The other puzzle is the puncture marks on his scrotum. The surrounding tissue is blistered, badly bruised and necrotic."
Lily lifted the sac and pointed out two large puncture marks under the balls. They were identical to the holes in his neck. The skin was swollen, wrinkled and black.
"Christ, what did that?" Flynn's balls reacted to the gruesome sight by trying to climb up inside him.
"I don't know for sure but my guess is a snake."
Flynn's puzzled look questioned her sanity.
"A snake?  We don't have snakes that leave bloody great holes like those."
"I know, which is why I'm baffled. It doesn't add up. The aligned puncture holes, the poison which prevented the blood from clotting, and the tattoo on his chest."
"Tattoo?"
"Yes. Look closely. It's a cobra tattooed on his chest."
Flynn dropped his head to study the ink on the victim's chest. "I'll be, it is a cobra. I assumed it was some sort of tribal thing when I first noticed it."
"You need to get close to see the snake head, but once you do it is very clear."
"Snake worship, doc?"
Lily held her hands up, palms out. "We don't have things like that here. Snake worship only happens in Africa as far as I know, and we certainly don't have cobras."
"Give me some answers. All you've done so far is tell me what it isn't. Tell me what it is."
"I don't know. I've never seen it before. I'm going to need more time to figure this out. I'm sorry but I have told you all I know at this point."
"Dinner?"
"Excuse me?"
"I asked if you would have dinner with me."
Lily glanced around the room as if expecting something.
"If you're too busy I understand."
"No, no. It's just I have a policy of not getting involved with colleagues."
"Jeez doc, I'm not asking you to marry me. I only want to have dinner with you."
Lily reconsidered. "Of course. Give me twenty minutes and I'll join you."
"Meet you out front?"
"Yes please."
"I have a


Buy Here:
http://robertslacey1955.wix.com/lacey-roberts#!deadly-secrets/cbzx

Bio:
Lacey Roberts is the pen name I chose when I began writing Erotic Romance.
I grew up in Sydney but now live in sunny Queensland where I spend my days walking my dogs, reading and writing. Married for almost 41 years, my husband and I also enjoy a great deal of travel.
My plans for the immediate future include travel to the US to meet some of my author friends.
I hope you enjoy my latest release which is set in Canberra, Australia – the Nation's Capital. This story is purely fictional but there are numerous real places and facts covered. I could not have made it as realistic without the advice of the A.C.T. Police Media Centre and the Forensic Medical Centre at Sydney University. I am grateful to both.
Author Links:                    
Website:                                 http://robertslacey1955.wix.com/lacey-roberts

Blog:                                                      http://laceyvixen.wordpress.com
Amazon Author Page:                    http://amazon.com/author/laceyroberts
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